A53 Pipe Specifications

A/SA53

NPS 1/4" - 30"

Schedules 10 through 160, STD, XH and XXH

Scope

Covers Seamless and Welded, Black and Hot-Dipped Galvanized nominal (average) wall pipe for coiling, bending, flanging and other special purposes and is suitable for welding. Continuous-Welded pipe is not intended for flanging. Purpose for which pipe is intended should be stated on order.

Materials and Manufacture

The steel for both seamless and welded pipe shall be made by one or more of the following processes: open-hearth, electric furnace, or basic-oxygen. The weld seam of electric-resistance welded pipe in Grade B shall be heat treated after welding.

Chemical
Requirements

Type S
(seamless)
Type E Type F
(electric-
resistance welded)
(furnace-
welded pipe)
Grade A Grade B Grade A Grade B Grade A
Carbon max. % 0.25 0.30 0.25 0.30 0.3
Manganese % 0.95 1.2 0.95 1.2 1.2
Phosphorous, max. % 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.05
Sulfur, max. % 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045 0.045
Copper, max.% 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Nickel, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Chromium, max. % 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.40 0.4
Molybdenum, max. % 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.15
Vanadium, max. % 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08 0.08

Hot-Dipped
Galvanizing

Sets standards for coating of pipe with zinc inside and outside by the hot-dipped process. Weight of coating must not average less than 1.8 oz. per square foot and not less than 1.6 oz. per square foot.

Permissible Variations in
Wall Thickness

The minimum wall thickness at any point shall not be more than 12.5% under the nominal wall thickness specified.

Permissible Variations in
Weights per Foot

Plus or minus 10%

Permissible Variations in
Outside Diameter

Outside Diameter at any point shall not vary from standard specified more than:
For NPS 1 1/2 and Smaller Sizes For NPS 2 and Larger Sizes
1/64" 1/32" under 1% over 1%under

Tensile Requirements

Seamless and Electric-resistance-welded Continuous-Welded
Grade A Grade B
Tensile Strength, min., psi 48,000 60,000 45,000
Yield Strength, min., psi 30,000 35,000 25,000

Number of
Tests Required

Seamless and Electric-Resistance-Welded -- Bending, flattening, tensile on one length of pipe from each lot of 500 lengths or less of a size. Continuous-Weld -- Bending, flattening, tensile
NPS 1 1/2 & smaller NPS 2 & larger
one / 25 tons one / 50 tons

Hydrostatic
Testing

Hydrostatic inspection test pressures for plain end and threaded and coupled pipe are specified. Hydrostatic pressure shall be maintained for not less than 5 seconds for all sizes of seamless and electric-resistance-weld pipe.

Mechanical Tests Specified

Tensile Test -- Transverse required on ERW for NPS 8 and large. Sending Test (Cold) -- STD and XS-NPS 2 and under XXS-NPS 1 1/4 and under.
Degree of Bend Diameter of Mandrel
For Normal A53 Uses 90 12 x nom dia. of pipe
For Close Coiling 180 8 x nom dia. of pipe
Flattening Test -- NPS 2 and larger STD and XS. (Not required for XXS pipe.)

Lengths

Standard Weight
Single Random -- 16' - 22'. 5% may be jointers. If Plain Ends -- 5% may be 12' - 16'.
Double Random -- Shortest Length 22', minimum average for order 35'.
Extra Strong and Double Extra Strong
Single Random -- 12' -22'. 5% may be 6' - 12'.
Double Random (XS and lighter) -- Shortest Length 22', minimum average for order 35'.
Lengths longer than single random with wall thicknesses heavier than XS subject to negotiation.

Required Markings on Each Length

(On Tags attached to each Bundle in case of Bundled Pipe)

Rolled, Stamped, or Stenciled (Mfrs. Option)
Name brand of manufacturer
Kind of pipe, that is, Continuous Welded, Electric-Resistance-Welded A, Electric-Resistance-Welded B, Seamless A, Seamless B, XS for extra strong, XXS for double extra strong.
ASTM 53
Length of pipe

General Information

Couplings -- Applied handling tight. Couplings, 2" and smaller straight tapped, other sizes taper tapped.
Thread Protection -- Applied to pipe 4" and larger.
End Finish (unless otherwise specified) --
STD or XS, or wall thicknesses less than 0.500 in. (excluding XXS): Plain and beveled
All XXS and wall thicknesses over 0.500 in.: Plain end square cut.